|Relative Value||55% undervalued|
An exponential growth model was fit to the past cash flow data, giving more weight to more recent years. This model determined a growth rate estimate of 18.6%.
The calculated WACC is 2.8%. This value is used as the default discount rate.
Assuming a growth rate of 18.6%, the cash flows for the next 5 years are projected.
The present value of each year's flow is adjusted to present value using the discount rate.
|Year||Future flow (million)||Present value (million)|
Assuming the company was sold after the projection period at an exit multiple of 30, the terminal value of the company would be 26100 million. This corresponds to a present value of 22100 million.
The total present value of the projected cash flows is 2900 million. Adding in the terminal value gives a total present value of 25000 million.
There are presently 224.0 million outstanding shares, so the intrinsic value per share is 111.6.
The following data was to determine the past cash flows.
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-314,998,000|
|Change in NCWC||-74,819,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||240,217,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||376,780,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-240,179,000|
|Change in NCWC||-25,106,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||159,247,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||286,723,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-215,073,000|
|Change in NCWC||6,980,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||166,366,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||277,558,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-222,053,000|
|Change in NCWC||-12,960,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||145,663,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||238,226,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-209,093,000|
|Change in NCWC||-55,429,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||148,319,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||193,598,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-153,664,000|
|Change in NCWC||-21,012,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||164,442,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||109,036,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-132,652,000|
|Change in NCWC||-27,812,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||154,113,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||127,768,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-104,840,000|
|Change in NCWC||-22,670,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||129,003,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||138,424,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-82,170,000|
|Change in NCWC||-7,079,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||117,074,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||93,350,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||-75,091,000|
|Change in NCWC||-8,794,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||118,573,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||-107,102,000|
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