|Relative Value||7% undervalued|
An exponential growth model was fit to the past cash flow data, giving more weight to more recent years. This model determined a growth rate estimate of 1.2%.
The calculated WACC is 7.0%. This value is used as the default discount rate.
Assuming a growth rate of 1.2%, the cash flows for the next 5 years are projected.
The present value of each year's flow is adjusted to present value using the discount rate.
|Year||Future flow (million)||Present value (million)|
Assuming a growth rate after the projection years of 2.0%, the terminal value of the company would be 2330 million. This corresponds to a present value of 1550 million.
The total present value of the projected cash flows is 458 million. Adding in the terminal value gives a total present value of 2010 million.
There are presently 157.0 million outstanding shares, so the intrinsic value per share is 12.78.
The following data was to determine the past cash flows.
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||414,200,000|
|Change in NCWC||195,800,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||119,200,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||396,868,282|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||218,400,000|
|Change in NCWC||5,800,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||57,800,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||95,215,621|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||212,600,000|
|Change in NCWC||40,600,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||53,000,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||114,357,804|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||172,000,000|
|Change in NCWC||-600,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||43,700,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||110,600,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||172,600,000|
|Change in NCWC||-64,800,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||41,900,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||13,350,063|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||237,400,000|
|Change in NCWC||-37,100,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||52,600,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||71,950,000|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||274,500,000|
|Change in NCWC||9,900,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||58,100,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||109,974,556|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||264,600,000|
|Change in NCWC||600,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||56,700,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||116,448,979|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||264,000,000|
|Change in NCWC||24,400,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||59,200,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||127,129,411|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||239,600,000|
|Change in NCWC||-104,100,000|
|Depreciation and Amortization||60,600,000|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||-15,900,000|
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