|Relative Value||5% undervalued|
An exponential growth model was fit to the past cash flow data, giving more weight to more recent years. This model determined a growth rate estimate of 4.3%.
The calculated WACC is 8.2%. This value is used as the default discount rate.
Assuming a growth rate of 4.3%, the cash flows for the next 5 years are projected.
The present value of each year's flow is adjusted to present value using the discount rate.
|Year||Future flow (million)||Present value (million)|
Assuming a growth rate after the projection years of 2.0%, the terminal value of the company would be 312 million. This corresponds to a present value of 195 million.
The total present value of the projected cash flows is 68.6 million. Adding in the terminal value gives a total present value of 263 million.
There are presently 4.83 million outstanding shares, so the intrinsic value per share is 54.5.
The following data was to determine the past cash flows.
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||7,757,639|
|Change in NCWC||2,528,641|
|Depreciation and Amortization||424,981|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||16,005,668|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||5,228,998|
|Change in NCWC||-1,209,104|
|Depreciation and Amortization||542,926|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||9,735,299|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||6,438,102|
|Change in NCWC||-802,781|
|Depreciation and Amortization||549,969|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||12,721,329|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||7,240,883|
|Change in NCWC||1,056,230|
|Depreciation and Amortization||705,197|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||14,738,595|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||6,184,653|
|Change in NCWC||-122,409|
|Depreciation and Amortization||979,652|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||13,081,658|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||6,307,062|
|Change in NCWC||1,712,688|
|Depreciation and Amortization||1,147,451|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||14,169,771|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||4,594,374|
|Change in NCWC||-1,303,103|
|Depreciation and Amortization||850,970|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||10,274,236|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||5,897,477|
|Change in NCWC||487,709|
|Depreciation and Amortization||934,371|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||14,139,267|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||5,409,768|
|Change in NCWC||374,522|
|Depreciation and Amortization||844,339|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||10,763,170|
|Non-Cash Working Capital (NCWC)||5,035,246|
|Change in NCWC||-370,917|
|Depreciation and Amortization||647,163|
|Unlevered Free Cash Flow||8,690,953|
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